Targeted Therapy


Targeted Therapy: A Type of Cancer Treatment

Targeted therapy is a type of cancer treatment that uses drugs or other substances to attack specific cancer cells without harming normal cells.

It works by targeting the specific proteins or genetic mutations that are involved in the growth and spread of cancer cells.

How does targeted therapy work to treat cancer?

Targeted therapy works by attacking specific proteins or genes that are found in cancer cells. By targeting these specific molecules, targeted therapy can block the growth and spread of cancer cells while leaving healthy cells unaffected.

What are the different types of targeted therapy?

· Monoclonal antibodies (lab-made molecules that can target specific proteins on the surface of cancer cells)

· Small molecule inhibitors (drugs that can block the activity of specific molecules inside cancer cells)

· Immune checkpoint inhibitors (drugs that can help the immune system to recognize and attack cancer cells)

Are there limitations to targeted therapy?

Targeted therapy can be effective in treating certain types of cancer, but it is not a cure-all. Some tumors may not respond to targeted therapy, and others may become resistant over time. Additionally, targeted therapy can have side effects, and it may not be suitable for all patients.

How Targeted Therapies Are Used to Treat Cancer?

Targeted therapies are used to treat a variety of different cancers, including breast cancer, lung cancer, and melanoma. They may be used alone or in combination with other treatments, such as chemotherapy or radiation therapy.

Getting Targeted Cancer Therapy

If you have been diagnosed with cancer, your doctor may recommend targeted therapy as part of your treatment plan.

Before starting treatment, your doctor will perform tests to determine if you are a good candidate for targeted therapy.

They may also perform biomarker testing to identify specific genetic mutations or proteins that are present in your cancer cells.

Targeted Therapy Side Effects

Like all cancer treatments, targeted therapy can have side effects. The specific side effects will depend on the type of targeted therapy you receive, but may include fatigue, nausea, skin rash, and diarrhea.

Targeted Therapy Safety

Targeted therapy is generally considered safe, but there is always a risk of side effects. Your doctor will monitor you closely during treatment to watch for any signs of side effects or complications.

What to Expect?

Before treatment, your doctor will perform tests to determine if you are a good candidate for targeted therapy. During treatment, you will receive regular check-ups to monitor your progress and watch for any signs of side effects. After treatment, you will continue to receive regular check-ups to ensure that your cancer does not return.

Pros and Cons

The pros and cons of targeted therapy will depend on your individual situation and the specific treatment you receive. Some of the benefits of targeted therapy include the ability to target specific cancer cells, fewer side effects compared to chemotherapy, and the potential for longer survival. Some of the cons include the risk of side effects, the cost of treatment, and the potential for resistance.

Dos and Don’ts

To ensure the best possible outcomes, it is important to follow your doctor’s instructions closely. This may include taking medications as prescribed, attending all of your appointments, and following any dietary or lifestyle recommendations.